On the northern coast, crest hats were woven of spruce root, or carved from wood and painted with crest designs.
These hats are typical in shape to most of the hats from the central coast north, whether they were woven or carved. Woven cedar bark hats were for protection from the weather. Fine spruce root hats were made for ceremonial use, when they were often painted with formline designs of crests.
Carved crest hats are often elaborated with sculptural additions.